How are Postage Stamps and Coins Designed?

Postal stamps (Briefmarken) and coins have always fascinated people, and they have been collecting them from ages. There is definitely something about collecting them as many people simply get addicted to it once they start it. With the advent of Internet, it has become very easy for people who are interested in buying and selling coins (Münzen verkaufen) and stamps. There are hundreds of websites that list several daily auctions for selling and purchasing these artifacts. And there are also many die hard admirers who really want to know how these wonderful collectible items are designed and created./

Design of a postage stamp is created by using the aspects of graphic designing. Designs in many thousands have been developed and printed since the first penny black stamp featuring Queen Victoria’s profile bust was created. For designing a stamp a professional artist is hired by postal administrations after the general subject is decided. The artist then taking into account different elements like denomination, country name, textual elements, graphic elements, secret or hidden marks, rules and regulations creates a sketch on a canvas. After creating several designs, the artist then submits it to the postal administration for approval. The selected design may undergo several modifications before going through the production process.

Coins, such as two euro coins and other variations are designed and produced using latest minting techniques. In the beginning, design is created by a professional artist based on the given subject using a pencil sketch. Pictures or other forms of descriptive material along with artist’s personal imagination serve as a blueprint. Once the design for the coin is resolved and approved, several dies are created to accommodate it. The approved design is transferred of a mould made from “Plaster of Paris” in bas-relief which is about five times of the actual coin size. The sculptor carefully considers the exact depth of the relief that is right for making coins. The design is transferred to rubber resin mould by melting the rubber into “Plaster of Paris” mould, which is then used to create an epoxy resin mould. The epoxy mould is put on the pantograph machine and the master die with exact size and shape of the coin is made. From this master die several coining dies are created that are then used in coin production.

The exclusivity of their design is what makes collecting stamp and coin a very addictive but great hobby for anyone who has a little spare time. You can begin with small numbers and build up a huge collection over some time. Once you get used to the things you will be able to immediately identify a good bargain and may even end up making some great money from this very popular hobby.